Since the 1990-91 Gulf War, India has officially adopted a “balancing” approach to West Asia. In agriculture, commercial cooling, parts of industry, and eventually electric vehicles, there is a large potential to shift demand to times of high production of cheap renewables, at negligible cost or even economic benefit. ; Beliefs: They worship Niyam Raja (Niyamraja), the supreme god of the Niyamgiri jungle. They are forest dwellers and sustain themselves from the resources of the Niyamgiri forests, practicing horticulture and shifting cultivation. In contrast, India’s NTMs are soft barriers which operate as delays or bureaucratic hurdles rather than bans. It is important to note that India and Saudi Arabia have steadily built bilateral relations and taken great care over the past two decades to ‘de-hyphenate’ them from ties between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. The Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills, Odisha are among the best conservationists in the world. Page-5 - Current Affairs, GK & News related notes on Orissa topic for UPSC, Civil Services, Banking and other Competitive Examinations of India. The External Affairs Minister of India has been invited for the first time to address the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Foreign Ministers meet. The title of this editorial analysis is taken from an article published in the Hindu BusinessLine on the 23rd of February, 2019. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build  NEW INDIA. These turtles are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs. Kondhs Tribes. There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again. The Ganga basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. Trucks are expected to be driven by Venezuelan volunteers and some Opposition figures have suggested forming human chains. Informal trade may proliferate, which might not be in India’s interest and an appropriate strategy is required to bring it to a halt. Major exports from India that would hard hit would be cotton (not carded or combed) valued at $0.273 billion, p-Xylene ($0.082 billion), polypropylene ($0.063 billion) and single yarn ($0.088 billion). India’s defence and security partnership with Israel has already proven useful to its security and military modernisation drive. Venezuela has also been facing severe food and medicines shortages for months. Thirdly, given cost constraints to gas and social opposition to hydro, the scale of these traditional balancing options may be limited in India. Experts opine that it can only be a pressure tactic and do little unless stringent actions are taken to stop informal trade that has been going on between the two countries for long. Samantara, an iconic leader of social justice movements, led a historic 12-year legal battle that affirmed the indigenous Dongria Kondh’s land rights and protected the Niyamgiri hills from a massive, open-pit aluminum ore mine. Point-scoring with Pakistan, or attempting to compare the outcomes of the two visits, now only undermines the carefully built compact between New Delhi and Riyadh. Location: They are located in the Niyamgiri hills. Venezuela’s opposition and activists prepared on the 23rd of February, 2019 to confront troops stationed along the country’s borders to block their plan to bring in food and medicine that authorities are calling a veiled U.S.-backed invasion. https://www.survivalinternational.org/dongria. However, while the battle on costs is won, the next one is just beginning. Investments have included a $44 billion oil refinery in India by Saudi Aramco and the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company in partnership with an Indian consortium. Pakistan’s loss from major exports to India would be much less — from dates ($0.113 billion), portland cement ($0.078 billion), other petroleum oil ($0.055 billion) and light oils and preparations ($0.028 billion). Guaidó says the Venezuelan Constitution allows the president of the National Assembly to take power as interim President in the absence of an elected President. The sanctions are expected to cost Mr. Maduro’s government $11 billion in lost export proceeds. Discussion should be followed by suitable examples to justify the role of forest dwellers, for e.g. Please help the Dongria ." However, India’s tilt towards Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE is not a risk-free move. About Dongria Kondh: The Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of … The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco on 25 September 1969. Location: They are located in the Niyamgiri hills. If the flexibility of the power system is not swiftly increased, within a few years India will reach technical and economic limits to the growth of renewables. The Dongria Kondh people are a tribe residing in the Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. These costs will come down further. (250 words), Representation of India in various multilateral forums signifies her rising power in the international community. UN figures show that some 2.7 million people have fled Venezuela since 2015 amid the crisis, and some 5,000 Venezuelans emigrate from their country each day. India has also reportedly agreed to purchase 54 HAROP attack drones for the Indian Air Force and two airborne warning and control systems (AWACS) worth over $800 million from Israel. In contrast, Iran’s support for Islamist militancy, not least by transferring advanced missile technology to Islamist groups and militias in Lebanon and Syria, has led to an increase in tensions with Israel, which responded by conducting air strikes against Iranian targets on Syrian soil in January 2019. The ETC India project’s analysis shows that a system based on a high share of renewables can deliver cheaper electricity by 2030, even considering the additional costs of balancing the variability of renewables. Analyze. Perspective on Aid bailout: Why Pakistan needs Saudi Arabia? From an economic perspective, U.S. sanctions have turned Iran into an unreliable economic partner. Finally, cost of electricity storage, while expensive today, is expected to come down and provide a crucial option for the grid integration of solar in particular. Naturally, this brings them closer to Israel, which faces a growing threat from Islamist militant groups, including Hamas, Hezbollah, and Iranian-backed forces in Syria. Costs are coming down at a tremendous rate, with recent tenders in Hawaii delivering solar plus four hours of battery storage at a hitherto unimaginable ₹5.76/kWh. Yet, as tensions rise in West Asia, Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have coalesced more closely against Iran under the U.S.-sponsored Middle East Security Alliance (MESA). Solar’s output, seen across time, looks like a series of camel humps: zero at night, rapidly rising to near 100 per cent at midday, and falling again to zero in the evening. Fact Box: Dongria Kondh tribe. Dongria saree is a gift of love from the Dongria Kondh tribe of Orissa. 1. Over and above the $6 billion already promised by Saudi Arabia, MBS has promised a further $20 billion in Saudi investment in Pakistan. These are concentrated on agriculture, plants, and food-related products and operate as bans that shut competitors out of its market. Visits from desert rulers are always highly choreographed but the prince’s India trip, part of his first major tour outside the Middle East since Khashoggi’s murder, had more tense moments than usual. After talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the two sides announced measures to upgrade the defence partnership, create a. Saudi Arabia has also expressed its interest in investing in infrastructure projects worth about $26 billion. If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. Vice-President Delcy Rodríguez said in a tweet late on 22nd February, 2019 that Venezuela’s government shut the Tachira border that connects it with Cúcuta temporarily “due to a series of illegal threats” by Colombia. The basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. Loss of livelihood for tribal people and the rural poor, as approximately 300 million people are directly dependent upon collection of non-timber forest products from forest areas for their livelihood. A wealth of information regarding the secrets of the forests and the plants and wildlife they host, have been passed on from generation to generation. India-Saudi Arabia ties were strengthened into a strategic partnership announced in 2010 in the Riyadh Declaration when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh paid a visit, and were bolstered by King Salman’s visit in February 2014 and Mr. Modi’s 2016 trip to Saudi Arabia. About 79% area of Ganga basin is in India. To integrate renewables, we need the desirable kind of demand response, which doesn’t compromise with reliability. Habitation: They reside in the Niyamgiri hill range of Odisha, around 4,500 ft above sea level. Niyamgiri is an area containing densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams. Kondhs speak the Kui and Kuvi languages. The Dongria women are also given equal status in the society in matters such as widow remarriage, possessing property without the interference of their husbands and sons. Discuss (250 words), Your email address will not be published. Dongria girls wear clips in their hair and rings and beads around their necks. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. Dongria Kondh. The Dongria have distinctive jewellery, tattoos and hairstyles. Although this approach has allowed India to eschew involvement in regional disputes and de-hyphenate relations with regional rivals including Iran, Israel and Saudi Arabia, the policy has also constrained India’s ability to press its geopolitical interests in the region. “Today, the obstacles that the dictatorship created will tomorrow be rivers of unity, of peace,” Mr. Guaidó said in a news conference on Friday in Cúcuta, where he was received by Colombian President Iván Duque Márquez. Note down different types of labour system in your Prelims Book . of the sacred undisturbed forests on top of the mountain, where the proposed mining lease area of the Lanjigarh bauxite mining lease is located. Natural causes- Many forest fires start from natural causes such as lightning which set trees on fire. It is important to note that India obtains 20 per cent of its oil from Saudi Arabia and three million Indians work there. The prince repaid the compliment, agreeing to increase Haj quotas and release 850 Indians from Saudi jails after a plea from Mr. Modi. Most notably, this materialised in their support for Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s takeover of power in Egypt from the Muslim Brotherhood in 2013, and in their dispute with Qatar, a key regional backer of the group. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and the name for themselves is Jharnia: protector of streams. In this context, in 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states and one Union Territory (UT), in the country (2011 census). These cooperatives ensure all families of the community have food and no fields remain barren. Forest fires are caused by Natural causes as well as anthropogenic causes. This “balancing” approach to West Asia is viewed by some experts as a legacy of non-alignment. Question 5. Dongria are having nuclear,monogamous and patrilineal setup. The Opposition doesn’t recognise the 2018 presidential election which Mr. Maduro won. Consider the following for Olive Ridley turtles. Members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. Dongria Kondh Context: Lockdown Has Pushed Tribes in Odisha’s Niyamgiri Hills to the Brink of Starvation . Odisha’s Dongria Kondh tribals have resolved to resist any attempt to force them out with a recent Supreme Court order triggering panic among forest dwellers over possible eviction. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world. km. Concurrently, recent escalations between Iran and Israel on the Syrian front suggests that tensions are unlikely to drop soon. 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